网络孔子学院

中国画欣赏新译 12  (2012-02-01 17:35)

七、    一点(今后的)思考
7, thought for the future
中国画艺术是东方文化宝库中的一颗璀灿明珠,古往今来,它一直在向前发展,犹如一条长河,虽有时狂暴湍急,有时滞流平缓,但从没发生断流,它一直在发展中 向前、向前,终于汇成今天这样一条浩浩荡荡的艺术大河,中国画的发展中凝聚了多少代画人探索奋斗的结晶,这需要每一位有志于中国画中求索的学人珍视的。
Chinese painting is the art treasure-house of Oriental culture in a very bright pearl, ages, it has been in development, like a long river, although, as stormy weather and floods fast, and sometimes stagnation addition to the gentle flowing rivers, but Did not occur stop (no development), which has been in development forward, forward, and finally pooled into today a mighty river of art, Chinese painting rally in the development of painting and the number of people to explore the crystallization of struggle, which requires Every one interested in Chinese paintings of people in search of treasure.
中国画,无论什么时代,什么内容,山水,花鸟,人物,都离不开传统。因为离开传统就是“无根之花、无源之水”。
Chinese paintings, no matter what age, what, landscapes, flowers and birds, figures, we can not do without the traditional. Because the traditional left is the "rootless flowers, passive water."
但是,中国画在“洋为中用,古为今用”过程中,越来越丧失民族特色。几年前,曾发生某画家的布幕国画被归类到油画展的事情,震惊了国画界……于是产生诸如“中国画末路穷途”、“笔墨等于零”等悲观论调。一位爱好中国画的以色列画家说,中国画应该是让我们喜欢中国画的人看起来还是中国画。
However, the Chinese paintings in the "foreign used by the Chinese, ancient by today's" process of increasing loss of national characteristics. A few years ago, had a painter's "Bumu Chinese painting" Oil Painting Exhibition to be classified matter, shocked the Chinese painting circles…… therefore produce such as "dead-end Chinese Painting" and "zero ink" and other pessimistic view. A Chinese painting of the Israel-loving painter said that China should be painted so that we like Chinese paintings of people look or Chinese painting.
传统的中国画以写意为主,擅长表现情感和意境,但在表现具体物象上较抽象。“把西方的造型观念融入到中国画中,提高中国画的表现范围和能力,是今天从事国画艺术的人所努力追求的。”中国美术协会中国画艺委会主任、花鸟画家郭怡宗认为,取长补短有利于中国画适应时代发展。但在发展过程中要防止中、西画界限越来越模糊。不少中国画与油画在构图、手法等方面有着惊人的相似,如果不被告知这是中国画,仅从模糊的幻灯片中判断,很自然地认为是油画。“这就是现今中国画面临的最大问题。”
Traditional Chinese painting to freehand brushwork mainly good at feelings and moods performance, but in the performance of specific than abstract images. "The Western concept of modeling into the Chinese paintings, Chinese paintings enhance the performance of the scope and capacity, is today engaged in the art of Chinese painting by the pursuit of efforts." Chinese Artists Association of China, director of the Hua Yi, Flowers and Birds Painting Jia Guo Yizong that is conducive to learning from Chinese paintings to the development of the times. However, in the development process to prevent Chinese and Western painting boundaries increasingly blurred. Many Chinese paintings and oil paintings in the composition, methods, and so has a surprisingly similar, if not been told this is the Chinese paintings, only vague slide in the judgement, it is natural that is painting. "This is the modern Chinese paintings of the greatest problems."
美术评论家刘曦林不无忧虑地说。以中国画为代表的东方绘画和以油画为代表的西方绘画,都在各自的发展道路上创造了无数辉煌:但由于东西方在思维模式、哲学基础以及美学观念等方面的差异。 在绘画上的不同十分明显。例如,尽管在绘画之初,东西方都是用线条来描绘物象的,但在以后的发展中,西画的“块面”和中国画在线条的观念和使用上,有了巨大的差别: 西方绘画逐渐走上了科学写实的道路,而中国绘画则走上了写意的道路:线条在两个绘画体系内的地位和作用也有了显著的分野。著名学者彭吉象先生曾对中西绘画的差异作了如下的概括:“如果中国绘画尚意,那么西方绘画尚形;中国 画重表现、重情感,西方绘画则重再现、重理性;中国绘画以线条作为主要造型手段,西方绘画则主要是由光和色来表现物象;中国绘画不受空间和时间的局限,西方绘画则严格遵守空间和时间的界限。总之,西方绘画注重再现与写实,同中国绘画注重表现与写意,形成鲜明差异”。
 Art critic Liu Xi Lin said with concern. Chinese painting as the representative of the Oriental paintings and oil paintings as the representative of Western painting, all in their path of development has created countless brilliant: But because the East and the West in mode of thinking, philosophy and aesthetic concepts, and so on the basis of the difference. In a different painting is very clear. For example, although in the beginning of painting, East-West lines are used to describe the images, but in the future development of Western painting of the "block face" in Chinese painting and the concept of lines and use, a huge difference: Western painting Gradually embarked on the path of scientific realism, and then embarked on a Chinese painting freehand brushwork of the road: two lines in the drawing system, the status and role of a significant distinction. Mr. Peng Jixiang a noted scholar of Chinese and Western painting have made the difference summed up as follows: "If China is still Italian painting, Western painting is still shape; Chinese painting-performance, heavy emotion, the weight of Western painting reproduction, re-rational; Chinese painting to Modeling lines as the main means of Western painting was mainly to performance by the light and color images; Chinese painting from the limitations of space and time, Western painting, strictly abide by the limits of space and time. In short, Western-oriented representation and realist painting, with the Chinese painting freehand brushwork and focus on performance, a sharp difference. "
中国画主要的特点是追求“诗情画意”——状物抒情与写实主义绘画的结合为基本创作风格,也是广大民众内心的审美追求,作者有感而发,受众由景入情,生动传神的细节刻画成为双方情感交流的信息载体。
The main characteristics of Chinese painting is the pursuit of "poetic" - bar lyric realism painting and the combination of the basic creative style, but also the vast number of people seeking heart of the aesthetic, emotional and revealed by the author in the works, received many scenes from entering a "story" Plot, vivid portrait as vivid details of the two sides (the author and readers) emotional exchange of information carrier.
(例如:顾绍骅创作的中国山水诗意画——《高士赴任图》   
For example: shaohua-gu poetic creativity of the Chinese landscape painting - "Goldsmith appointment map"
【赏析】高山仰止,瀑布飞泻;顶天立地,壁立千仞;初春时分,树木返青;朋友赴任,临别依依;……峻巍的山势造成动人心魄的效果,又仿佛从画面上“传出”飞瀑直下的轰鸣与寒风的掠过,交织在一起,使人感到自然造物之伟大。具有强烈的艺术感染力。
【Analyze 】high mountain's being the tallest be such of, water of the waterfalls flies from the air;That mountain is very big, top elephant connect day, underneath immediately after, the on the side of mountain is many elephant knifes to chop down to onely stand;In spring just inchoate time, the tree starts the color which changes into green;My good friend will go to original place an official, our preparation separate of time, all feel in a bad humor, mutually loathe to give up leave the other party;……That is very high big, dangerous of in plant and thick tree, weed...etc. in Tashan, the good elephant is obstructing my friendly friend right away.Imitate Fo to"spread" waterfalls to fly to flow to keep next huge voice and the sweep of bise from the appearance, the intertexture together makes the person feel natural build the greatness of thing.Have a strong art atmosphere.
有诗为证:俯仰不能去,如逢旧友同。曾因春雪散,见在华山中。何处有明月,访君听远风。相将归未得,各占石岩东。(唐朝·于邺的《友人亭松》诗意)
Poetry has to prove: stand up in the mountains, none can not go to see downward, as old friends met the same can not be separated. Because once the spring, melting snow, with friends in the "Mountain" in each other. There are bright moonlight, to ask you to the news from afar. Each other to be returned are uncertain what our respective occupation "Shiyan East."
此画采用以墨为主(墨分五色——焦、浓重、淡、清),“浅绛设色”、背面衬染的画法,因此有“不伤笔墨”古朴、高雅的等特点。
This painting used to ink the color of the main (five-ink color - Coke, thick, short, the Qing), "Qianjiang colors," lining into the back of the painting, it is "not injured ink" simple, The elegant and so on.
136×34cm   纸本设色    2007年作)
“状物妙在似与不似之间;太似则媚俗,不似则欺世。”这是一代宗师白石老人的感悟,也是中华民族的审美意趣所在。
"Painting the best way to objects in between like and do not like; too much like the readers to think too ordinary, boring, not as it is to deceive the people of the world (readers)." This is the generation of master baishi-qi elderly sentiment , But also the aesthetic Interest of the Chinese nation.
中国画和油画的区别主要有以下几点;
(1)中国画出现的时间早于油画,仅就成型的绘画作品来说,中国画是在东晋时期(约公元304-589年)成型的,油画的成型至少要到中世纪的文艺复兴时期。
(2)中国画历史遥追数千年,为中华传统艺术之瑰宝。中国画最大的特点是诗、书、画、印的作品构成以及画作本身含就的中华文化底蕴是别于西方绘画艺术的最大特点;中国画是集文学、艺术为一体的结晶、瑰宝。因此,油画是没得比的。
(3)中国画采取的是散点透视法,油画采取的是焦点透视法,所以中国画可以画出大范围的人物风景画(如清明上河图)而油画不能,油画能画出物体强烈的质感效果而中国画不能。
(4)中国画一般不采用重彩,颜色的种类较少,油画的色彩程度很重,使用的颜色也很多。
(5)中国画很重视装裱,油画对此基本忽略。
(6)中国画一般都结合私人的书法衿章与题字,而油画基本没有。
(7)中国画发展过程中,流派相对固定且分化不大,油画发展过程中流派众多且分歧也大。
Chinese paintings and oil paintings are the main difference between the following points;
(1) Chinese painting as early as the time painting, forming the only paintings, Chinese paintings in the Eastern Jin Dynasty period (304-589 AD), molding, painting the molding at least the Middle Ages to the Renaissance.
(2) Chinese painting history of remote recovery for thousands of years, traditional Chinese art treasures. Chinese painting is the biggest characteristic of poetry, books, paintings, seal the works, and a painting on their own with the Chinese cultural heritage in Western painting is not the most important feature of the arts; Chinese painting is set literature, the arts as one of the crystallization of gems. Therefore, the painting is better than no.
(3) Chinese painting is taken by the casual point perspective, the painting is taken by the Focus Lens, so Chinese painting can draw a wide range of landscape painting figures (such as the "Riverside Scene of Pure Brightness") and not painting, oil painting can draw the object strongly Chinese painting and texture effects can not.
(4) Chinese paintings do not normally re-used color, color, the type less, the color degree of heavy oil painting, the use of the color of a lot.
(5) attaches great importance to mounting Chinese paintings, oil paintings were largely ignored this.
(6) Chinese paintings are generally a combination of private and Zhang Jin calligraphy inscriptions, and basically no oil painting.
(7) in the development of Chinese painting and schools relatively fixed and not divide, in the development of oil painting and many schools have big differences.
本应是东西方并行的两大画派——西方的油画、东方的中国画并驾齐驱;但如今的结果是:一个是“营养过剩”(油画),而另一个是严重的“营养缺乏”。这些是因为东西方所存在的文化背景、人文习惯、经济发达与否等诸多因素的影响所至;所以造成了国际社会对西方绘画——油画的宠爱倍致,对东方绘画——中国画的很大的漠视。而这种“漠视”会将导致一个我们十分不愿意看到的结果——“适者生存”。也许现在或不久的将来中国画会“变异”;它将“变异”为艺术价值低廉、没有笔墨、没有诗情画意、没有“三远”(没有中国画特性)的,在外界的压力下所派生出来的“畸形儿”——只有怪异的色彩、块面和特殊技法(材料)所表现的肌理效果;即所谓“创新的中国画”。
因此,我在此恳请:发达国家爱好艺术(特别是爱好东方艺术)的团体或朋友们,请你们为保护世界艺术宝库中的一棵绚丽夺目的奇葩——中国画,而进自己的一份力吧!
另外:要想让中国画真正能受到世界各国人民的喜爱,就必须把中国书画“学习、培训”班办到世界各国去;而今,随着中国文化的国际交流,中国文化体制的改革,中国文化艺术的瑰宝——中国书画将越来越受到世界各国人民的了解与喜爱,中国书画“学习、培训”班办到世界各国去的梦想即将成为现实;也只有当世界各国喜爱艺术的人们通过学习、了解并懂得欣赏中国书画作品艺术的“真谛”才能去喜爱、保护中国书画的健康发展;相信到那时中、西方绘画价格的差距才能有所改善。我们期盼那一天能早日到来!
This should be the two major East-West parallel School - Western oil paintings, Chinese paintings keep pace with the east, but today's result: a "nutritional excess" (painting), while the other is a serious "lack of nutrition。" These are the things that exist because of cultural background, cultural habits, economic development or not, and many other factors caused by the impact; As a result of the international community to Western painting - painting the times of love, the Oriental Painting - Chinese Painting Great indifference。 This "ignore" We will lead to a very reluctant to see the results - "survival of the fittest。" Perhaps now or in the near future Chinese Painting "variation" it will "skin" for the artistic value is low, no ink, no poetic, not the "three far" (without the characteristics of Chinese painting), in the outside world under the pressure of the derived " Deformed children "- only strange colors, block-and special techniques (material) by the performance of the texture effect the so-called" innovation of Chinese Painting。 "
Therefore, I urge this: the developed countries-loving art (especially Oriental art-loving) groups or friends and ask you to protect the world's treasure house of art in a magnificent display of wonderful work - Chinese painting, into a force of its own !
In addition: to get the Chinese paintings can really be the peoples of the world's favorite, Chinese paintings and calligraphy on the need to "study and training" classes around the world to do so; Now, as China's international cultural exchanges, the Chinese cultural system reform, Chinese culture Art gems - will become more and more Chinese paintings and calligraphy by the peoples of the world's understanding and love of Chinese painting "study and training" classes around the world to do the dream will soon become a reality only when all countries in the world people love the arts through study , Understand and know how to appreciate Chinese paintings and calligraphy works of art "true meaning" in order to love and protect the healthy development of Chinese painting; believe that by that time, the gap between the prices of Western painting can be improved。 We look forward to an early arrival of that day!
注·本文参考的文献:1、《中国绘画史》潘天寿著 ;2、《中国书画鉴赏辞典》;3、《中国画色彩学》;4、《中国书画报》;5、《国画家》;6、《翰园书画报》;7、《中国书画艺术报》香港版。8、《中国画往何处去?许群 》;9、《论当代中国画的发展方向与画家的自我追求》等
Note · paper reference literature: 1, "the history of Chinese painting," a Pan Tianshou, 2, "Dictionary of Chinese painting Appreciation"; 3, "Chinese paintings of color"; 4, "Chinese Painting and Calligraphy", 5, "the painter"; 6, "John Park painting", 7, "Chinese painting and calligraphy art" Hong Kong version. 8, "Chinese paintings to where to Xu Qun ?" 9, "On the development of contemporary Chinese art direction and the painter's self-seeking."
本文作于2003年10月(08年8月修改)   
shaohua-gu
In this paper, as in October 2003 (August 08 reorganization)


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有完整图片的地址:http://bbs.zjdart.com/viewthread.php?tid=16110&extra=&page=1



作者简介:顾绍骅  男 、一九六三年五月二十二日生 、 籍贯: 四川省巴县人(武汉市出生)、砚池书画社社长、湖北省书画研究会理事、中国文化艺术发展促进会会员、中国书法国画研究会中国书画导师、“中国书画学会副主席、中国民族艺术家协会副会长、中国兰亭书画院副院长、世界教科文卫组织专家成员、“中国书画艺术百杰”。 其书画作品做到了“诗情画意,师古而不泥古;在笔墨及用色上有自己的特色,曾得到刘大为、沈鹏、史国良等老师的赞评。(顾绍骅中国书画作品选:http://v.ku6.com/special/index_3590944.html
联系住址:武汉市江岸区堤角小区3-1-202   邮编:430011
电话:086-13308635298    E—minl: gushaohua2@sina.com,QQ:1072494751
About the author: Gu Shaoyuan Hua, M, May 22, 1963 Health, country of origin: Pakistan County in Sichuan Province (born in Wuhan), Wuhan Institute of Education Department of Chinese graduate teaching and research of Fine Arts in Wuhan City Council members, teachers, the backbone of Fine Arts in Wuhan City, Hubei Province Research director of painting and calligraphy, Chinese Culture and Arts Development Association members, Chinese calligraphy and Chinese painting for the study of Chinese painting and calligraphy instructor, "Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Institute, vice chairman of the Chinese Artists Association, vice president of the nation, the Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Institute, vice president of the Orchid Pavilion, the World Methodist Education, Science, Culture Organization Members of the expert.
Contact Address: District of Wuhan City Jiangan embankment Kok District City Star Park opened 3-1-202 Zip code: 430011
Phone :086-13308635298 E-minl: gushaohua2@sina.com    qq:1072494751




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